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Acupuncture

What is acupuncture?

Acupuncture is the practice of putting thin needles into the skin on certain parts of the body. These are then activated by gentle and specific movements of the provider's hands. Or through electrical stimulation. 

Acupuncture is part of the ancient practice of Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). TCM providers believe the human body has more than 2,000 acupuncture points. The points are linked by pathways called meridians. Meridians create an energy flow called Qi (pronounced "chee") all over the body. Qi is responsible for overall health. Disrupting the energy flow can cause disease. Using acupuncture on certain points is believed to improve the flow of blocked or nonmoving Qi. This restores energy movement and improves health.

Studies have shown that acupuncture works well for many conditions that are discussed below

Acupuncture is not for everyone. If you choose to see an acupuncturist, talk with your healthcare provider first. Find an acupuncturist who is licensed and has the right training and credentials.

What does acupuncture feel like?

Acupuncture is done using hair-thin needles. Most people report feeling little pain as the needle is put into certain points. Needles are only inserted to a point that gives a feeling of pressure or ache. Needles may be heated during the treatment. Mild electric current may also be applied to the needles. Some people say acupuncture makes them feel energized. Others say they feel relaxed.

Needles must be sterilized to prevent infection. And incorrect needle placement can cause pain during treatment. So it's important to find an experienced, well-trained provider who uses sterilized needles. The FDA regulates acupuncture needles just as it does other medical devices.

Sometimes other forms of stimulation are used over the acupuncture points instead of needles. These include:

  • Heat (moxibustion)

  • Pressure (acupressure)

  • Friction

  • Suction (cupping)

  • Electromagnetic energy impulses

How does acupuncture affect the body?

Acupuncture points are believed to stimulate the central nervous system. This releases chemicals into the muscles, spinal cord, and brain. These biochemical changes may stimulate the body's natural healing abilities. They may promote physical and emotional well-being.

Studies have shown that acupuncture is effective alone or used with conventional therapies to treat these conditions:

  • Upset stomach (nausea) caused by surgical anesthesia and cancer chemotherapy

  • Dental pain after surgery

  • Addiction

  • Headaches

  • Menstrual cramps

  • Tennis elbow

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Myofascial pain

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Low back pain

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome

  • Asthma

It may also help with stroke rehabilitation.

What conditions may be helped by acupuncture?

Many people in the U.S. get acupuncture treatment to ease long-term (chronic) pain. This includes arthritis and low back pain. But acupuncture has other uses around the world. Before getting acupuncture, talk with your healthcare provider. Conditions that may be helped by acupuncture include:

Digestive

Emotional

Gastritis

Irritable bowel syndrome

Hepatitis

Hemorrhoids

Anxiety

Depression

Insomnia

Nervousness

Neurosis

Eye-Ear-Throat

Gynecological

Rhinitis

Sinusitis

Sore throat

Menstrual pain

Infertility

Musculoskeletal

Neurological

Arthritis

Back pain

Muscle cramping

Muscle pain and weakness

Neck pain

Sciatica

Headaches

Migraines

Neurogenic bladder dysfunction

Parkinson's disease

Postoperative pain

Stroke

Respiratory

Miscellaneous

Allergic rhinitis

Sinusitis

Bronchitis

Irritable bladder

Prostatitis

Male infertility

Some forms of impotence

Addiction

Things to think about when choosing acupuncture

Scientific studies have not fully explained how acupuncture works in the framework of Western medicine. So acupuncture is still disputed. It's important to be safe when deciding about acupuncture.

  • Talk about acupuncture with your healthcare provider first. Acupuncture is not for everyone. Talk about all the treatments and medicines you are taking. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, herbs, and supplements. If you have a pacemaker, are at risk for infection, have chronic skin problems, are pregnant, or have breast or other implants, tell your provider. Acupuncture may be risky to your health if you don't talk about these things.

  • Don't rely on a diagnosis of disease by an acupuncture provider. If you were given a diagnosis by a healthcare provider, ask him or her if acupuncture might help.

  • Choose a licensed acupuncture provider. Talk with your healthcare provider, friends, and family members. They may be able to refer you to a licensed or certified provider. You don't have to be a doctor to practice acupuncture or be a certified acupuncturist. About 30 states have set training standards for certification in acupuncture. But not all states require acupuncturists to get a license to practice. Not all certified acupuncturists are doctors. But the American Academy of Medical Acupuncture can give you a list of doctors who do acupuncture.

  • Think about costs and insurance coverage. Before starting treatment, ask the acupuncturist about the number of treatments needed. Find out how much they will cost. Some insurers cover the cost. But others don't. It's important to know before you start treatment if it is covered by your insurance.

Online Medical Reviewer: Bianca Garilli MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Daphne Pierce-Smith RN MSN CCRC
Online Medical Reviewer: Marianne Fraser MSN RN
Date Last Reviewed: 5/1/2019
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